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Organizing Committee

Prof. Dr habil. Małgorzata Latałowa

Dr Monika Badura
Dr Anna Pędziszewska
Dr Joanna Święta-Musznicka
MSc Marcelina Zimny (Secretary)
MSc Katarzyna Pińska
MSc Dawid Weisbrodt

Laboratory of Palaeoecology
and Archaeobotany

Department of Plant Ecology
University of Gdańsk
Al. Legionów 9
80-441 Gdańsk, Poland
Phone/fax: 48 58 341 20 16

Polish Association
for Environmental Archaeology
Dr habil. Mirosław Makohonienko
Dr habil. Daniel Makowiecki

Archaeological Museum
in Gdańsk

Director Henryk Paner

Registration, room reservation, payment
Katarzyna Sroślak-Janasiewicz
FRUG, ul. Polanki 66
80-306 Gdańsk, Poland
Phone 1: +48 58 552 03 53
Phone 2: +48 58 520 95 14
Phone/fax: +48 58 552 37 06

Field Excursion I

The Lower Vistula Region & Malbork Teutonic Castle–
natural, historical and ethnographic aspects
Friday 9th September

The Lower Vistula Region is known for its diversity of environmental conditions, historic monuments and castles, beautiful medieval towns and remains of Mennonite settlements. The Landscape Park of the Lower Vistula Valley has been established for the protection of the natural, historic and ethnographic heritage of the region.

The long tradition of fruit growing in the region is the base for several recent projects developing the cultivation of old local ecotypes of apples, pears and plums that are characterized by their immunity to harmful climatic influences and pests. Traditional methods of food production are promoted, and various methods are employed to encourage their use. Gruczno village is famous for its orchards with old ecotypes of fruit trees and production of special Lower Vistula Valley Plum Jam, which was entered in the List of Traditional Products by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

In this area, the Mennonites established their settlement in the 16th and 17th centuries. In modern times very little remains of their material culture, although a farm in the village of Chrystkowo is a good example in an excellent state of preservation. In 13th century, the Lower Vistula Region was colonized by the Teutonic Order. Malbork (Marienburg) castle is the largest Gothic brick fortress complex of medieval Europe. Its construction began after 1270, and between 1309-1454 it was the most important seat of the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, and the capital of the order. After a war and subsequent Teutonic Order decline, the castle was handed to Poland and remained in Polish hands for more than three centuries, except for the period between 1626-1656 when it was occupied by the Swedish army. As a result of the partition of Poland in 1772, Malbork castle was taken over by Prussian administration. After the Second World War the city of Malbork, along with the castle, were incorporated into Poland. The castle was severely damaged by warfare in 1945, and since 1947 there have been continuous campaigns for its reconstruction and restoration. Malbork Castle Museum was opened in 1961. The museum offers a number of exhibitions with old weapons, amber, ceramics and articles of artistic handicrafts. In 1997 Malbork castle was placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

phot. K. Banaś